There has been an explosion in the number of cancer therapeutics and clinical trials in the recent past, owing to our ability to better define the molecular targets of different cancers using cutting-edge technologies. Unlike in the past, data from early-stage clinical trials are getting more attention lately because the efficacy of a therapeutic, traditionally evaluated in later-phase trials, is often becoming evident earlier in the course of clinical testing.Read More
About 80 percent of lung cancers are non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC), and about 15 to 20 percent of NSCLCs harbor epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-activating mutations.
Treatment for EGFR-mutant NSCLC improved dramatically with the introduction of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Several TKIs targeting this receptor have been developed, including the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved first-generation EGFR TKIs gefitinib (Iressa) and erlotinib (Tarceva); second-generation EGFR TKIs, such as the FDA-approved afatinib (Gilotrif) and dacomitinib (Vizimpro), and the investigational therapeutic neratinib; and third-generation EGFR TKIs, including the FDA-approved osimertinib (Tagrisso), and the investigational therapeutics olmutinib and nazartinib.
During the early part of November, we saw the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approve a new molecularly targeted therapeutic, lorlatinib (Lorbrena), and expand the use of the immunotherapeutic pembrolizumab (Keytruda). These new approvals, which are for the treatment of certain patients with lung cancer and liver cancer, respectively, highlight that progress in the fields of precision medicine and immunotherapy is continuing unabated.Read More
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently approved expanding the use of the immunotherapeutic durvalumab (Imfinzi) to include the treatment of certain patients with the most common form of lung cancer—non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Read More